Quality of examination proceedings at the EPO
I have an interest in the goings on at my old firm Hoffmann Eitle. They recently filed, together with three other large Munich-based firms, an open letter to the European Patent Office complaining of quality standards slipping. The full text of the open letter can be found below.
The letter does not include any follow-up nor does it suggest any consequence of not complying with the request to change examiner's incentive schemes (e.g. promoting national filings to clients instead of EPO filings). As such, it is unlikely to influence the powers-at-be at the EPO.
From my own experience (which is significant as I draft responses to examination reports (official actions) and extended European search reports from the EPO on a daily basis), I have not noticed any reduction in quality of search and examination. The consistency between examining divisions and quality of search and examination at the European Patent Office seems as high as ever.
Examination quality aside, I fully support the complaint about excessive costs of filing and prosecuting a patent application at the EPO. The search and examination fees alone are around 4000 USD, which is near triple that of the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO). The EPO also charges yearly renewal fees during pendency of the patent application unlike the USPTO where they are only paid after grant. That is a scandal in my opinion as it penalizes applicants for something out of their control and incentivizes the office to slow examination.
There are ways to speed up grant and reduce costs before the European Patent Office. You can engage a firm like Sach & Associates that aims to get your patent applications to grant with the minimum of official actions. We can do this by filing well-reasoned and persuasive arguments in response to examination reports and search opinions that have been drafted to comprehensively deal with every objection so that your application will go directly to grant. We will respond to official actions on a fixed fee basis that has been agreed with you and which you will find to be extremely competitive. Further, we minimize administration costs associated with filing, prosecution, grant and validation at the European patent office to cost efficiently and quickly traverse the examination process.
Open Letter: Quality of Examination Proceedings at the EPO
Dear President Battistelli, Dear Dr. Ernst, Dear Mr. Morey, Dear Mr. Campinos,
Each year our law firms file more than 9500 patent applications with the EPO.
For several years now we have followed with great concern the developments at the European Patent Office, in particular the modifications to the incentive systems for the examination of patent applications. The incentive systems and internal directives appear to be increasingly directed towards rewarding or even requesting rapid “termination” of proceedings and a correspondingly higher productivity. This has resulted in penalization of detailed and thorough assessment of cases.
While we do appreciate the increased average speed of the proceedings, such an overreaching desire for high productivity has led to the following, specific problems regarding the examination of patents:
a) When the aim is to terminate proceedings as quickly as possible within specific allowed times, the quality of the search and examination of applications must suffer.
b) The fees for search and examination, which are rather high when compared internationally, can only be justified by giving the examiners sufficient time for an indepth assessment of each single application.
c) Patents that have been examined less thoroughly tend to have an erroneous scope of protection. This distorts and hinders economic competition within the EPC Member States.
d) Proprietors of inadequately examined patents are exposed to an increased risk of their patents not being able to be successfully asserted against competitors in their full scope.
e) If the users of the European system gain the impression that granted EP patents cannot be relied upon anymore due to insufficient search and examination, the users may increasingly be discouraged from filing European patents. This might unhinge the entire patent system.
f) The core task of the EPO is the examination and grant of European patents. This is an important public task, where the EPO needs to balance the interests of the public against the interests of patent applicants. The official fees are supposed to self-fund the EPO. However, in contrast to an industrial company, we cannot see why the profit of the EPO needs to be increased beyond the level of self-funding. From our perspective, the high surplus is rather an indication that the fees are too high and that a further, problematic increase of productivity is not appropriate.
We have observed that our perception of endangered quality of the examination of European patent applications is shared by a large number of patent examiners. As you know, a petition was recently published in which more than 900 examiners at the European Patent Office revealed that they are prevented by the internal directives from a thorough, complete search and examination.
In view of this background, we urgently suggest setting up new incentive systems for examining European patents so that the high-quality of searches and examinations for which the European Patent Office used to be known will be guaranteed again.